Coding iOS App with XCode 5

Its been 3 years since I have been planning to learn iOS development, I haven’t been able to start as I was involved with web development and Objective C (cocoa framework) didn’t make any sense to me. I used to be straight forward programmer, never understood Classes, Objects and everything that came with Object Oriented Programming. Not until a year back i started using PHP Web framework (Codeigniter) and it started making sense, everything seemed organized and structured and now I cant code anything without using Objects and Classes.

Few months back i signed up for Apple Developer for $99 a year. Downloaded XCode, and then started looking into Objective C again and this time it made sense.

So I thought there may be many developer like me, who are interested to learn Objective C and iOS App development, thats why i am posting this guide as i am learning.


  • Mac computer (iMac, Mac Mini or MacBook pro)
  • Mac OS X Mountain Lion or above.
  • XCode 4.6 or above installed.

If you don’t have a Mac there is an easy way to install Mac OS X on VMWare and install XCode (for educational purpose :) ) :: Install Mac on VMware

First Steps

Learn Objective C Programming, this is a must! If you know C, C++ or PHP, this should be very easy.

Objective C Resources

Free E-Books by Apple

Web Resources

There are hundreds of free resource all over internet, just google “Learn Objective C” or “Objective C Tutorial”.

Best Resource for Learning iOS Development online is ::


[ be continued ]

Kuensel Blocks Google

Kuenselonline, the Bhutan’s largest news website has blocked google from their website. Isn’t google the biggest search engine in the world? looks like they dont want all the free traffic you get from google. LOL

Kuensel Blocks Google

Kuensel Blocks Google

Secure CentOS Linux with iptables

Linux Firewall

Iptables is best linux firewall available. Use this to secure your linux with iptables.

Make sure to save the iptables configuration.

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

Secure IPTables Configuration:

## Block IPs here
-A INPUT -i eth0 -f -j DROP
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags FIN,SYN,RST,PSH,ACK,URG NONE -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags FIN,SYN,RST,PSH,ACK,URG FIN,PSH,URG -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags FIN,SYN FIN,SYN -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags SYN,RST SYN,RST -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags FIN,RST FIN,RST -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags FIN,ACK FIN -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags PSH,ACK PSH -j DROP
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags ACK,URG URG -j DROP
## Open all your needed ports here
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state -m tcp --dport 25 --state NEW -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state -m tcp --dport 80 --state NEW -j ACCEPT
## Allow your IPs here
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state -m tcp -s --dport 10000 --state NEW -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp -m state ! --tcp-flags FIN,SYN,RST,ACK SYN --state NEW -j DROP
-A OUTPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT -p udp -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT -p icmp -m state --state NEW,RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT

Secure CentOS with sysctl.conf

Secure your CentOS installation with sysctl, Replace your sysctl.conf with the configuration given below, this is the best configuration you can do.


# Kernel sysctl configuration file for Red Hat Linux
# For binary values, 0 is disabled, 1 is enabled.  See sysctl(8) and
# sysctl.conf(5) for more details.
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
kernel.sysrq = 0
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts = 1
net.ipv4.icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.log_martians = 1
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0
########## IPv6 networking start ##############
# Number of Router Solicitations to send until assuming no routers are present.
# This is host and not router
net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations = 0
# Accept Router Preference in RA?
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref = 0
# Learn Prefix Information in Router Advertisement
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo = 0
# Setting controls whether the system will accept Hop Limit settings from a router advertisement
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr = 0
#router advertisements can cause the system to assign a global unicast address to an interface
net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf = 0
#how many neighbor solicitations to send out per address?
net.ipv6.conf.default.dad_transmits = 0
# How many global unicast IPv6 addresses can be assigned to each interface?
net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses = 1
########## IPv6 networking ends ##############
# Enable ExecShield protection
kernel.exec-shield = 1
kernel.randomize_va_space = 1
# increase system file descriptor limit
fs.file-max = 65535
# Allow for more PIDs
kernel.pid_max = 65536
#Increase system IP port limits
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 11000 65000
# Reboot after a kernel panic
kernel.panic = 30

CentOS Web server with Latest Apache, PHP and MySQL

Setup perfect CentOS Web server with latest Apache, PHP and MySQL.

CentOS with Apache PHP MYSQL Webmin

Make sure you have installed CentOS with minimal system tools.

I am going to use my home directory as root folder.

cd ~

import RPM-GPG-KEY

rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY*

Update Everything using YUM

yum -y update

Reboot your Server.


Install Some Required Packages

yum install fetchmail wget bzip2 unzip zip nmap openssl lynx fileutils

Setup System Time

yum install ntp
chkconfig ntpd on
/etc/init.d/ntpd start

Install RPMForge Repo

rpm --import
rpm -K rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.i386.rpm
rpm -i rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.i386.rpm
yum clean all
yum update

Use Remi’s Repo for Latest PHP and MySQL

rpm --import
rpm -Uvh remi-release-5*.rpm epel-release-5*.rpm

Enable Remi’s Repo

nano /etc/yum.repos.d/remi.repo

Install Apache and PHP Server

yum install httpd
chkconfig --levels 235 httpd on
yum install php php-mysql php-gd php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc curl perl-libwww-perl ImageMagick libxml2
## Edit Apache Configuration, if you need.
nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Install MySQL Server

yum install mysql mysql-server
chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
/etc/init.d/mysqld start
## Change your MySQL Password
## Check if MySQL is running
netstat -tap | grep mysql
## Edit MySQL Configuration, if you need.
nano /etc/my.cnf

Install eAccelerator – PHP Caching, Makes your php load faster

yum install php-eaccelerator

Install PhpMyAdmin

yum install phpmyadmin

Start Apache Server

service httpd restart

Check Apache

apachectl -M


httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using for ServerName
Loaded Modules:
 core_module (static)
 mpm_prefork_module (static)
Syntax OK

Check PHP

php -v


PHP 5.3.6 (cli) (built: May 16 2011 19:18:00)
Copyright (c) 1997-2011 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.3.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2011 Zend Technologies
    with eAccelerator v0.9.6.1, Copyright (c) 2004-2010 eAccelerator, by eAccelerator

Web server with Latest PHP and MySQL is done!

Install Webmin if you want

yum install openssl perl-Net-SSLeay
rpm --import

Add Webmin Repo

nano /etc/yum.repos.d/webmin.repo

Add This

name=Webmin Distribution Neutral

Install Webmin

yum install webmin

Tashel – Online Visa System

Tashel Online, The online visa system for Tour Operators of Bhutan.

Tashel Online allows Tour Operators to apply to visa, receive approved visas on email, generate tour invoice, download army permits and get notices.

This Project was done in collaboration with Tourism Council of Bhutan and Department of Immigration.

Project Details

Web Technology: PHP, MySQL, JavaScript
Software: Microsoft .NET 2008 with MySQL